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109-74-0 - Butyronitrile, 99% - n-Propyl cyanide - L02999 - Alfa Aesar

L02999 Butyronitrile, 99%

CAS Number
109-74-0
Synonyms
n-Propyl cyanide

Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
250ml 26.06
1000ml 55.62
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Butyronitrile, 99%

MDL
MFCD00001968
EINECS
203-700-6

Chemical Properties

Formula
C4H7N
Formula Weight
69.11
Melting point
-112°
Boiling Point
115-117°
Flash Point
18°(64°F)
Density
0.792
Refractive Index
1.3840
Solubility
Miscible with benzene, alcohol, ether and dimethylformamide. Slightly soluble in water.

Applications

Butyronitrile serves as an intermediate in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries. It is also involved in the preparation of n-butylamine, butanamide and butyric acid. It acts as a precursor to the poultry drug amprolium. Further, it reacts with phosphorochloridic acid diethyl ester to prepare (1-cyano-propyl)-phosphonic acid diethyl ester. It is also employed to study the effect of stereochemical factors on intervalence charge transfer. In addition to this, it is used in electrolyte composition in dye-sensitized solar cells.

Notes

Incompatible with strong acids, strong bases, strong oxidizing agents and strong reducing agents.

Literature References

Segobia, D. J.; Trasarti, A. F.; Apesteguía, C. R. Conversion of butyronitrile to butylamines on noble metals: effect of the solvent on catalyst activity and selectivity. Catal. Sci. Technol. 2014, 4 (11), 4075-4083.

Segobia, D. J.; Trasarti, A. F.; Apesteguía, C. R. Impact of solvent on Co/SiO2 activity and selectivity for the synthesis of n-butylamine from butyronitrile hydrogenation. Catal. Commun. 2015, 62, 62-66.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H225-H301-H311-H331

Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Toxic if inhaled.

Precautionary Statements: P210-P261-P280-P301+P310-P303+P361+P353-P361-P304+P340-P311-P405-P501a

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Other References

Merck
14,1597
Beilstein
1361452
Hazard Class
3
Packing Group
II
Harmonized Tariff Code
2926.90
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
ET8750000

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