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1,4-Butanediol is commonly used as a solvent in the chemical industry to manufacture gamma-butyrolactone and elastic fibers like spandex. It is used as a cross-linking agent for thermoplastic urethanes, polyester plasticizers, paints and coatings. It undergoes dehydration in the presence of phosphoric acid yielded teterahydrofuran, which is an important solvent used for various applications. It acts an intermediate and is used to manufacture polytetramethylene ether glycol (PTMEG), polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) and polyurethane (PU). It finds application as an industrial cleaner and a glue remover.
Sato, O.; Yamaguchi, A.; Shirai, M. Continuous dehydration of 1,4-butanediol in flowing liquid water with carbon dioxide. Catal. Commun.. 2015, 68, 6 -10.
Shinde, V. M.; Patil, G. N.; Katariya, A.; Mahajan, Y. S. Production of tetrahydrofuran by dehydration of 1,4-butanediol using Amberlyst-15: Batch kinetics and batch reactive distillation. Chem. Eng. Process. Process Intensif. 2015, 95, 241 -248.
Hazard Statements: H302-H336
Harmful if swallowed. May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P270-P271-P301+P312-P304+P340-P312-P330-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Rinse mouth. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant