4-Chloro-1-butanol is employed as an internal standard in the analysis of genotoxic impurities in active pharmaceutical ingredients by GC-MS technique.
Otto Bastiansen.; Liv Fernholt.; Kenneth Hedberg.; Ragnhild Seip. Structure and conformations of 4-chloro-1-butanol: electron-diffraction evidence for internal hydrogen bonding. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1985, 107 (26), 7836-7841.
Koki Harigaya.; Hiroyuki Yamada.; Koji Yaku.; Hiroyuki Nishi.; Jun Haginaka. Development and validation of a sensitive GC-MS method for the determination of alkylating agent, 4-chloro-1-butanol, in active pharmaceutical ingredients. Journal of Molecular Biology. 1997, 113 (1), 237-251.
Hazard Statements: H226-H290-H302-H314-H335-H351
Flammable liquid and vapour. May be corrosive to metals. Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation. Suspected of causing cancer.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P210-P233-P234-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P281-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P363-P370+P378q-P390-P501c
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep only in original container. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Absorb spillage to prevent material damage. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant