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(-)-alpha-Pinene, 98%, cont. variable amounts of enantiomer, is used in food and beverage (incl. additives, contaminants), fragrance / essential oil, nutraceutical. It is also used as a anti- infective agent. It is used as a component of pine resin and a useful chiral synthetic intermediate. Alpha-pinene is the most widely encountered terpenoid in nature and is highly repellant to insects.
Nerio LS.; Olivero-Verbel J.; Stashenko E . Repellent activity of essential oils: a review. Bioresour Technol .2010, 101,(1), 372-378.
Kasuan.; Nurhani. Extraction of Citrus hystrix D.C. (Kaffir Lime) Essential Oil Using Automated Steam Distillation Process: Analysis of Volatile Compounds. Malyasian Journal of Analytical Sciences.2013, 17,(3), 359-369.
Hazard Statements: H226-H302-H312-H332-H315-H319-H317-H304
Flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Harmful in contact with skin. Harmful if inhaled. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause an allergic skin reaction. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.