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(-)-alpha-Pinene, 98%, cont. variable amounts of enantiomer, is used in food and beverage (incl. additives, contaminants), fragrance / essential oil, nutraceutical. It is also used as a anti- infective agent. It is used as a component of pine resin and a useful chiral synthetic intermediate. Alpha-pinene is the most widely encountered terpenoid in nature and is highly repellant to insects.
Nerio LS.; Olivero-Verbel J.; Stashenko E . Repellent activity of essential oils: a review. Bioresour Technol .2010, 101,(1), 372-378.
Kasuan.; Nurhani. Extraction of Citrus hystrix D.C. (Kaffir Lime) Essential Oil Using Automated Steam Distillation Process: Analysis of Volatile Compounds. Malyasian Journal of Analytical Sciences.2013, 17,(3), 359-369.
Hazard Statements: H226-H302-H304-H315-H317-H319
Flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways. Causes skin irritation. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Causes serious eye irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P240-P241-P242-P243-P261-P264b-P270-P272-P280-P301+P310-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P330-P331-P333+P313-P337+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant