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(+)-alpha-Pinene is employed in the preparation of chiral hydroboration reagents. It is a bronchodilator in humans. α-Pinene is an anti-inflammatory and used as a broad-spectrum antibiotic.It exhibits activity as an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, aiding memory. It is a biosynthetic base for CB2 ligands, such as HU-308.
G. B. Pitman. trans-Verbenol and Alpha-Pinene: Their Utility in Manipulation of the Mountain Pine Beetle.Journal of Economic Entomology.1971, 64 426 - 430.
Herbert C. Brown; Navalkishore N. Joshi. Hydroboration of terpenes. 9. A simple improved procedure for upgrading the optical purity of commercially available .alpha.- and .beta.-pinenes. Conversion of (+)-.alpha.-pinene to (+)-.beta.-pinene via hydroboration-isomerization.J. Org. Chem.1988, 53 (17), 4059-4062.
Forms a chiral adduct with diborane, useful for asymmetric hydroborations with high optical yields: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 99, 5514 (1977). Recrystallization of the borane adduct can be used to obtain a pure single diastereomer: J. Org. Chem., 49, 945 (1984). For reviews of the synthesis of pure enantiomers via chiral organoboranes, see: Acc. Chem. Res., 21, 287 (1988); and of asymmetric reduction with chiral organoboranes based on ɑ-pinene: Acc. Chem. Res., 25, 16 (1992).
Hazard Statements: H226-H304-H315-H317-H319-H335
Flammable liquid and vapour. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways. Causes skin irritation. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P261-P264b-P271-P272-P280-P301+P310-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P331-P333+P313-P337+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Do NOT induce vomiting. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant