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Ethylbenzene is used as a solvent for rubber adhesives, varnishes, resins, paints and coatings. It acts as an intermediate in the preparation of styrene. It is also used as a fuel additive. It is added to gasoline as an anti-knock agent, thereby reducing engine knocking and increase the octane rating. In addition to this, it is used in natural gas recovery process.
Smith, R. S.; May, R. A.; Kay, B. D. Probing Toluene and Ethylbenzene Stable Glass Formation Using Inert Gas Permeation. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2015, 6 (18), 3639-3644.
Yang, L.; Fan, B.; Cui, X.; Shi, X.; Li, R. Solvent-free aerobic oxidation of ethylbenzene over Mn-containing silylated MgAl layered double hydroxides. J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 2015, 21, 689-695.
Hazard Statements: H225-H304-H332-H335-H336-H351-H373
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways. Harmful if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness. Suspected of causing cancer. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P271-P281-P301+P310-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P308+P313-P331-P370+P378q-P501c
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. Do NOT induce vomiting. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant