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Styrene oxide is used as an intermediate in medicine and perfume.
Aryl substituted epoxides undergo rearrangement in the presence of NaBH4 in benzene to give arylacetaldehydes: Gazz. Chim. Ital., 121, 579 (1991).
In the presence of Pd(OAc)2 and Bu3P, a tandem isomerization-aldol condensation occurs: J. Org. Chem., 61, 7565 (1996):
In the presence of excess of a second aldehyde, crossed aldol reactions occur in moderate yield.
Hazard Statements: H227-H312-H315-H317-H319-H331-H340-H350
Combustible liquid. Harmful in contact with skin. Causes skin irritation. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Causes serious eye irritation. Toxic if inhaled. May cause genetic defects. May cause cancer.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P210-P235-P261-P264b-P271-P272-P280-P281-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P308+P313-P311-P312-P333+P313-P337+P313-P362-P370+P378q-P501c
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep cool. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation or rash occurs: If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant