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Triphenyl phosphate is used as an internal standard in the screening and quantification of agrochemical residues in vegetables and fruits. It is used in plastic processing and molding of plastic flow and performance.
Kristin H Pawlowski and Bernhard Schartel. Flame retardancy mechanisms of triphenyl phosphate, resorcinol bis(diphenyl phosphate) and bisphenol A bis(diphenyl phosphate) in polycarbonate/acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene blends.Polymer International.2007, 56 1404-1414.
Kyongho Lee; Jinhwan Kim; Jinyoung Bae; Jaeho Yang; Sanghyun Hong; Hak-Kil Kim. Studies on the thermal stabilization enhancement of ABS; synergistic effect by triphenyl phosphate and epoxy resin mixtures.Polymer.2002, 43 2249-2253.
Reaction with a secondary alcohol in the presence of a base, e.g. quinoline, gives the diphenyl phosphate ester of the alcohol. This undergoes thermal elimination in sulfolane or NMP to provide the corresponding alkene. The method has clear advantages in terms of yield and toxicity over analogous routes to alkenes, such as the Chugaev xanthate thermolysis or heating the alcohol in HMPA: Synthesis, 1300 (1995). See also Diphenyl phosphorochloridate, A13546.