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2,2,2-Trichloroethanol is used as a sedative or a hypnotic. It is an important raw material and intermediate used in Organic Synthesis, Pharmaceuticals, Agrochemicals and Dyestuff.
Maurice R. Eftink; James L. Zajicek; Camillo A. Ghiron. A Hydrophobic Quencher of Protein Fluorescence: 2,2,2-Trichloroethanol. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Protein Structure. 1977, 491 473-481.
M. Perttilä. Vibrational spectra and normal coordinate analysis of 2,2,2-trichloroethanol and 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular Spectroscopy. 1979, 35 585-592.
Carboxyl groups can be protected as their trichloroethyl esters e.g. by tosic acid-catalyzed esterification: Synthesis, 24 (1979), or DCC-DMAP: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 111, 669 (1989). For esterification of amino acids, using the active ester with 2-Hydroxypyridine, A14522, see: Synthesis, 24 (1979). Cleavage occurs with Zn in AcOH or an aqueous THF buffer under mild conditions: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 88, 852 (1966); Synthesis, 457 (1976); or with NaBH4 in DMF, catalyzed by Se: Synthesis, 693 (1989). See also Appendix 6.
Similarly, carbonyl compounds can be protected as their trichloroethyl acetals, stable to base, but readily cleaved under neutral aprotic conditions by Zn in ethyl acetate or THF: J. Org. Chem., 38, 554 (1973).
Reaction with POCl3 to give the phosphorodichloridate, followed by reaction with 3-Hydroxypropionitrile, L12570, gives 2-cyanoethyl 2,2,2-trichloroethyl phosphorochloridate, a valuable reagent, usually used without purification, for the phosphorylation of nucleosides: Synthesis, 831 (1980).
Hazard Statements: H227-H302-H315-H318-H336
Combustible liquid. Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye damage. May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P235-P261-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P301+P312-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P312-P330-P332+P313-P362-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep cool. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant