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Histamine dihydrochloride has been shown to activate nitric oxide synthetase and suppress or inhibit the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Inhibition of ROS by histamine dihydrochloride allows activation of T cells and NK cells by IL-2. In a rat model, histamine dihydrochloride suppressed ROS generated by Kupffer cells through the H2 histamine receptor. It is a potent vasodilator and endogenous histamine receptor agonist.
Egla Yareth Bivián-Castro; Mercedes G López; Mario Pedraza-Reyes; Sylvain Bernès; Guillermo Mendoza-Díaz. Synthesis, characterization, and biological activity studies of copper(II) mixed compound with histamine and nalidixic acid.Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications.2009, 603651.
Anna Martnera; Fredrik B Thoréna; Johan Aureliusa; Jonas Söderholma; Mats Brunea & Kristoffer Hellstrand. Immunotherapy with histamine dihydrochloride for the prevention of relapse in acute myeloid leukemia.Expert Review of Hematology.2010, 3 381-391.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H334-H317-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled. May cause an allergic skin reaction. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P284-P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Wear respiratory protection. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.