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Diethyl chlorophosphite acts as a versatile phosphorylating agent for ester and lactone enolates, amines and alkenols. It is used in the synthesis of organophosphates and are considered anticholinesterase agents through observation in studies.
Bilha Fischer and Larisa Sheihet. Diethyl Chlorophosphite:? A Mild Reagent for Efficient Reduction of Nitro Compounds to Amines.J. Org. Chem.1998, 63 (2), 393-395.
George W. Anderson; Alice D. Welcher; Richard W. Young. Diethyl Chlorophosphite as a Reagent for Peptide Syntheses.J. Am. Chem. Soc.1951, 73 (1), 501-502.
Reacts readily with nucleophiles, e.g. amines, alcohols or organometallic species, with the introduction of a phosphorus substituent. The phosphorylation of OH groups has been brought about by treatment with the reagent followed by oxidation of the P(III) product to P(V) with, e.g. iodine: Synth. Commun., 12, 821 (1982); Synthesis, 572 (1986). The chlorophosphite has the advantage of greater reactivity over one-step phosphorylation reagents, e.g. Diphenyl phosphorochloridate, A13546.
Reagent for peptide coupling: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 74, 5304, 5309 (1952); see Appendix 6. Also useful, in the presence of TMS-OTf, in glycosidic couplings: Tetrahedron Lett., 33, 6123 (1992).
In the presence of N-ethyldiisopropylamine, reduces both aryl and alkyl nitro compounds to amines: J. Org. Chem., 63, 393 (1998). The reagent also effects dehydration of aldoximes to nitriles, deoxygenation of N-oxides and sulfoxides, and conversion of epoxides to chlorohydrins can also be effected: J. Org. Chem., 67, 711 (2002).
Hazard Statements: H226-H314-H335
Flammable liquid and vapour. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant