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108-88-3 - Toluene, 99% - Methylbenzene - L10967 - Alfa Aesar

L10967 Toluene, 99%

CAS Number
108-88-3
Synonyms
Methylbenzene

Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
1000ml 26.06
2500ml 51.91
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Toluene, 99%

MDL
MFCD00008512
EINECS
203-625-9

Chemical Properties

Formula
C7H8
Formula Weight
92.14
Melting point
ca -93°
Boiling Point
111°
Flash Point
4°(40°F)
Density
0.867
Refractive Index
1.4967
Solubility
Miscible with ethanol, benzene, diethyl ether, acetone, chloroform, glacial acetic acid and carbon disulfide. Immiscible with water.

Applications

Toluene is used as solvent for paints, paint thinners, silicone sealants, many chemical reactants, rubber, printing ink, adhesives (glues), lacquers, leather tanners and disinfectants. It is an important raw material to synthesize pharmaceuticals, paints, resins, dyes, toluene diisocyanate and explosives like trinitrotoluene. It is used as a standard material for chromatography and an analytical reagent. It plays an important role in the manufacture of benzene, xylene, phenol, poly urethane polymers, cosmetics and jet fuel blends. It is used as a fuel additive to increase octane ratings and as a coolant for its good heat transfer capabilities in sodium cold traps used in nuclear reactor system loops.

Notes

Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.

Literature References

Hildebrandt Ruiz, L.; Paciga, A. L.; Cerully, K. M.; Nenes, A.; Donahue, N. M.; Pandis, S. N. Formation and aging of secondary organic aerosol from toluene: changes in chemical composition, volatility, and hygroscopicity. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2015, 15 (14), 8301-8313.

Zamboni, I.; Zimmermann, Y.; Kiennemann, A.; Courson, C. Improvement of steam reforming of toluene by CO2 capture using Fe/CaO-Ca12Al14O33 bi-functional materials. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2015, 40 (15), 5297-5304.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H225-H304-H361-H373-H315-H336

Highly flammable liquid and vapour. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways. Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure. Causes skin irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness.

Precautionary Statements: P210-P260-P201-P261-P280-P281-P301+P310-P303+P361+P353-P405-P501a

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Obtain special instructions before use. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Other References

Merck
14,9529
Beilstein
635760
Hazard Class
3
Packing Group
II
Harmonized Tariff Code
2902.30
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
XS5250000

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