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4-Hydroxy-2-butanone is used in the preparation of fused benzazepine molecules as selective D3 receptor antagonists with pharmaceutical activity. It is also used in the preparation of verrucarin and mevalonic acid lactone. Further, it is used to prepare 3-buten-2-one through dehydration over an anatase titanium dioxide catalyst. It is also employed in the preparation of 4-methyl-5-hydroxymethylthiazole, (±)-lineatin and beta-hydroxylactones.
Mei, J.; Mao, J.; Chen, Z.; Yuan, S.; Li, H.; Yin, H. Mechanism and kinetics of 4-hydroxy-2-butanone formation from formaldehyde and acetone under supercritical conditions and in high-temperature liquid-phase. Chem. Eng. Sci. 2015, 131, 213-218.
Bouzidi, H.; Aslan, L.; El Dib, G.; Coddeville, P.; Fittschen, C.; Tomas, A. Investigation of the Gas-Phase Photolysis and Temperature-Dependent OH Reaction Kinetics of 4-Hydroxy-2-butanone. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2015, 49 (20), 12178-12186.
Hazard Statements: H227-H315-H319-H335
Combustible liquid. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210u-P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.