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Sodium carbonate is commonly used as an inorganic base and a buffer component in several synthetic organic transformations in both chemical industries and research laboratories. Often used as an electrolyte, sodium carbonate acts as a very good conductor in the process of electrolysis. Apart from being used as a common chemical/biological/biotechnological laboratory reagent, it is also used as a water softener in laundering, processing wood pulp, cleaners, and making glass. It can be used for standardization of acids, and qualitative testing of cations. In dyeing with fiber-reactive dyes, sodium carbonate is used to ensure proper chemical bonding of the dye with cellulose fibers.
Yang, L.; Cao, J.; Jin, Y.; Chang, H. M.; Jameel, H.; Phillips, R.; Li, Z. Effects of sodium carbonate pretreatment on the chemical compositions and enzymatic saccharification of rice straw. Bioresour. Technol. 2012, 124, 283-91.
Allen, J. A.; Halverson-Tamboli, R. A.; Rasenick, M. M. Lipid raft microdomains and neurotransmitter signalling. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 2007, 8, 128-140.
Hazard Statements: H319
Causes serious eye irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P234-P264b-P280i-P305+P351+P338-P337+P313-P390
Keep only in original container. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Wear eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention. Absorb spillage to prevent material damage.