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Hexane mixed isomers are used in the laboratory to extract oil and grease contaminants from water and soil for analysis. As a non-polar solvent, it is used in chromatography. It plays an important role in the preparation of glues for shoes, leather products, and roofing. It is also used for reactions that involve very strong bases such as the preparation of Grignard reagents. Also involved in the preparation of organolithiums compounds, namely butyl lithium.
Herm, Z. R.; Wiers, B. M.; Mason, J. A.; van Baten, J. M.; Hudson, M. R.; Zajdel, P.; Brown, C. M.; Masciocchi, N.; Krishna, R.; Long, J. R. Separation of Hexane Isomers in a Metal-Organic Framework with Triangular Channels. Science 2013, 340 (6135), 960-964.
Titze, T.; Chmelik, C.; Karger, J.; van Baten, J. M.; Krishna, R. Uncommon Synergy between Adsorption and Diffusion of Hexane Isomer Mixtures in MFI Zeolite Induced by Configurational Entropy Effects. J. Phys. Chem. C 2014, 118 (5), 2660-2665.
Deng, Z.; Pera-Titus, M.; Guo, Y.; Giroir-Fendler, A. Molecular Sieving Separation of Hexane Isomers within Nanocomposite (B)-MFI-Alumina Hollow Fiber Membranes: A Modeling Study. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2010, 49 (22), 11697-11707.
Hazard Statements: H225-H304-H315-H319-H335-H336-H361f-H372
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness. Suspected of damaging fertility. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P280i-P281-P301+P310-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P308+P313-P331-P332+P313-P337+P313-P363-P370+P37
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear eye/face protection. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. Do NOT induce vomiting. If skin irritation occurs: If eye irritation persists: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: