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Potassium cyanide is widely applied in organic synthesis for the synthesis of many organic compounds, for example in the synthesis of hydantoins, spiro heterocycles, nitriles, carboxylic acids, cyanohydrins and in von richter reaction. It is employed in gold mining, electroplating, and as a reagent in protein characterization.
For crown-ether promoted cyanation reactions and formation of a 1:1 crown-ether complex, see 18-Crown-6, A11249. For cyanation of alkyl halides using phase-transfer catalysis without solvent, see: Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 124 (1986). See also Sodium cyanide, L13278._x000D_/n
Raphulu, M. C.; Scurrell, M. S. Cyanide leaching of gold catalysts. Catal. Commun. 2015, 67, 87-89.
Johnströma, P.; Bergman, L.; Varnäs, K.; Malmquist, J.; Halldin, C.; Farde, L. Development of rapid multistep carbon-11 radiosynthesis of the myeloperoxidase inhibitor AZD3241 to assess brain exposure by PET microdosing. Nucl. Med. Biol. 2015, 42, (6), 555-560.
Hazard Statements: H290-H300+H310+H330-H372
May be corrosive to metals. Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Fatal if inhaled. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P262-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P284-P301+P310-P302+P350-P304+P340-P310-P314-P330-P361-P363-P390-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Wear respiratory protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN: Gently wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell. Rinse mouth. Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Absorb spillage to prevent material damage. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant