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151-50-8 - Potassium cyanide, 97+% - L13273 - Alfa Aesar

L13273 Potassium cyanide, 97+%

CAS Number
151-50-8
Synonyms

Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
100g 29.97
500g 74.57
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Potassium cyanide, 97+%

MDL
MFCD00011397
EINECS
205-792-3

Chemical Properties

Formula
CKN
Formula Weight
65.12
Melting point
634°
Boiling Point
1625°
Density
1.52
Sensitivity
Hygroscopic
Solubility
Highly soluble in water. Soluble in methanol, glycerol, and formamide. Slightly soluble in ethanol.

Applications

Potassium cyanide is widely applied in organic synthesis for the synthesis of many organic compounds, for example in the synthesis of hydantoins, spiro heterocycles, nitriles, carboxylic acids, cyanohydrins and in von richter reaction. It is employed in gold mining, electroplating, and as a reagent in protein characterization.

Notes

Deliquescent solid. Store in airtight containers. Incompatible with acids.

Literature References

For crown-ether promoted cyanation reactions and formation of a 1:1 crown-ether complex, see 18-Crown-6, A11249. For cyanation of alkyl halides using phase-transfer catalysis without solvent, see: Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 124 (1986). See also Sodium cyanide, L13278.

_x000D_/n

Raphulu, M. C.; Scurrell, M. S. Cyanide leaching of gold catalysts. Catal. Commun. 2015, 67, 87-89.

Johnströma, P.; Bergman, L.; Varnäs, K.; Malmquist, J.; Halldin, C.; Farde, L. Development of rapid multistep carbon-11 radiosynthesis of the myeloperoxidase inhibitor AZD3241 to assess brain exposure by PET microdosing. Nucl. Med. Biol. 2015, 42, (6), 555-560.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H300-H310-H330-H370-H372-H400-H410

Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Fatal if inhaled. Causes damage to organs. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure. Very toxic to aquatic life. Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Precautionary Statements: P260-P284-P301+P310-P304+P340-P320-P330-P361-P302+P350-P405-P501a

Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear respiratory protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Specific treatment is urgent (see label). Rinse mouth. Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. IF ON SKIN: Gently wash with plenty of soap and water. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Other References

Merck
14,7626
Beilstein
4652394
Hazard Class
6.1
Packing Group
I
Harmonized Tariff Code
2837.19
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
TS8750000

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