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Sodium sticks, in mineral oil is used for reviews of Na metal - ammonia (Birch) reductions, for preparation of sodamide in liquid ammonia and for use in an acyloin synthesis promoted by sonication.
The classical Wurtz coupling reaction of alkyl halides is, in its intramolecular form, a useful method for closing small rings: Org. Synth. Coll., 6, 133 (1988); review: Russ. Chem. Rev., 51, 368 (1982).
For reviews of Na metal - ammonia (Birch) reductions, see: Tetrahedron, 45, 1579 (1989); Org. React., 42, 1 (1992). For preparation of sodamide in liquid ammonia, see, e.g.: Org. Synth. Coll., 6, 273, 564, 928 (1988); for an iron-free method see: Org. Synth. Coll ., 8, 165 (1993).
For use in an acyloin synthesis promoted by sonication, see: Synlett, 89 (1990).
Hazard Statements: H260-H314-H318-H304
In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.
Precautionary Statements: P223-P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.