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L13909 Isopentyl nitrite, 97%, stab. with 0.2% anhyd. sodium carbonate

CAS Number
110-46-3
Synonyms
Amyl nitrite
Isoamyl nitrite

Stock No. Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
L13909-AC 25ml 23.10
L13909-AE 100ml 41.20
L13909-AP 500ml 125.00
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Isopentyl nitrite, 97%, stab. with 0.2% anhyd. sodium carbonate

MDL
MFCD00002057
EINECS
203-770-8

Chemical Properties

Formula
(CH3)2CHCH2CH2ONO
Formula Weight
117.15
Boiling Point
95-100°
Flash Point
-20°(-4°F)
Density
0.875
Refractive Index
1.3870
Storage & Sensitivity
Keep Cold. Air Sensitive. Light Sensitive.
Solubility
Miscible with methanol, chloroform and ether. Slightly miscible with water.

Applications

Isopentyl nitrite is used in the conversion of 2,6-disubstituted phenols to diphenoquinones and aminophenols to quinone diazides. It acts as an oxidant and nitrosating agent. It finds application in aromatic arylation, deamination of arylamines using tetrahydrofuran as a hydrogen donor. It is also useful for the preparation of benzyne using anthranilic acid. It is an antihypertensive and vasodilator to treat heart diseases such as angina and an antidote for cyanide poisoning. Further, it is used as a solvent and cleaning agent for a printed circuit board. In addition to this, it is considered to be a replacement for freon.

Notes

Air, moisture and light sensitive. Store in a cool place. Keep the container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Incompatible with oxidizing agents and alcohol.

Literature References

Widely used in non-aqueous nitrosation and diazotization reactions.

For aromatic arylation as an alternative to the Gomberg reaction, see: J. Chem. Soc., 4257 (1962). For deamination of arylamines using THF as a hydrogen donor, see: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin 1, 541 (1973).

For use in the generation of benzyne from anthranilic acid, see: J. Org. Chem., 38, 3462 (1973).

ɑ-Amino esters are converted to ɑ-diazo esters: Tetrahedron, 31, 227 (1975).

For other reactions of alkyl nitrites, see Isobutyl­ nitrite, L05259 , and tert-Butyl­ nitrite, L16135 .

Liu, Z.; Zhu, S.; Li, Y.; Li, Y.; Shi, P.; Huang, Z.; Huang, X. Preparation of graphene/poly(2-hydroxyethyl acrylate) nanohybrid materials via an ambient temperature “grafting-from” strategy. Polym. Chem. 2015, 6 (2), 311-321.

Wang, Y.; Meng, L.; Fan, L.; Wu, G.; Ma, L.; Huang, Y. Preparation and properties of carbon nanotube/carbon fiber hybrid reinforcement by a two-step aryl diazonium reaction. RSC Adv. 2015, 5 (55), 44492-44498.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H225-H302-H332

Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Harmful if inhaled.

Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P240-P241-P242-P243-P261-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P301+P312-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P312-P330-P370+P378q-P501c

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Rinse mouth. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant

Other References

Merck
14,5123
Beilstein
969510
Hazard Class
3
Packing Group
II
Harmonized Tariff Code
2920.90
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
NT0187500

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