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Urea hydrogen peroxide is an antiseptic, disinfectant and bleaching agent used in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics respectively. It is used in the whitening of teeth and relieves minor inflammation of gums, oral mucosal surfaces and lips. It finds application in the preparation of plastics, blue print development and starch modification. In addition to this, it is used as a source of hydrogen peroxide easily handled in the laboratory.
Useful, low-hazard alternative to high-concentration H2O2 in epoxidations, Baeyer-Villiger reactions, N-oxidations, etc.: Synlett, 533 (1990). Alkenes can be epoxidized in high yield in 1,1,1,3,3,3-Hexafluoro-2-propanol, A12747 as solvent: Eur. J. Org. Chem., 3290 (2002). For use in combination with N,N'-Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide, A10973 , in epoxidation of alkenes, see: J. Org. Chem., 63, 1730 (1998); in combination with Maleic anhydride, A12178 , for epoxidation and Baeyer-Villiger reactions: Heterocycles, 36, 1075 (1993). For an extensive review of the Baeyer-Villiger reaction, see: Org. React., 43, 251 (1993).
For use in partial oxidation of nitriles to amides, see: Synth. Commun., 23, 3149 (1993).
In combination with phthalic anhydride is an effective mild and safe oxidant for N-heteroaromatic compounds and tertiary amines to N-oxides: Chem. Ber., 125, 1965 (1992)
Can be used to generate the powerful oxidant peroxytrifluoroacetic acid from TFAA, avoiding the use of hazardous 90% H2O2: Tetrahedron Lett., 33, 4835 (1992). The same system has also been reported for oxidation of electron-deficient pyridines to the N-oxides: Tetrahedron Lett., 41, 2299 (2000). Similarly, performic acid can be generated in situ, providing a mild system for oxidation of aromatic aldehydes to benzoic acids: Synth. Commun., 31, 2195 (2001). See also Sodium percarbonate, A16045 .
Yazu, K.; Takanohashi, T. Oxidative Desulfurization of Coal Tar Pitch Using a Urea-Hydrogen Peroxide Complex/Carboxylic Anhydride System in THF. Chem. Lett. 2015, 44 (2), 169-170.
Nikoorazm, M.; Ghorbani-Choghamarani, A.; Ghorbani, F.; Mahdavi, H.; Karamshahi, Z. Bidentate salen Cu(II) complex functionalized on mesoporous MCM-41 as novel nano catalyst for the oxidative coupling of thiols into disulfides using urea hydrogen peroxide (UHP). J. Porous Mater. 2015, 22 (1), 261-267.
Hazard Statements: H272-H314-H318
May intensify fire; oxidizer. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P221-P210v-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.