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(S)-(+)-Epichlorohydrin is utilized for the synthesis of macquarimicins and hydroxyisoxazolidines and (+)-cis-sylvaticin, which is a potential antitumor agent. It is used to synthesize inhibitors of fatty acid oxidation as potential metabolic modulators. It acts as a solvent for natural and synthetic resins, gums, cellulose esters and ethers, paints, varnishes, nail enamels, lacquers and cement for celluloid. It is also used as a stabilizer and also useful as a bifunctional alkylating agent with the potential to form DNA cross-links.
Xue, F.; Liu, Z. Q.; Wang, Y. J.; Zhu, H. Q.; Wan, N. W.; Zheng, Y. G. Efficient synthesis of (S)-epichlorohydrin in high yield by cascade biocatalysis with halohydrin dehalogenase and epoxide hydrolase mutants. Catal. Commun. 2015, 72, 147-149.
Gajare, V. S.; Khobare, S. R.; Malavika, B.; Rajana, N.; Rao, B. V.; Kumar, U. K. S. A short diastereoselective synthesis of cis-(2S,4S) and cis-(2R,4R)-4-hydroxyprolines. Tetrahedron Lett. 2015, 56 (24), 3743-3746.
Hazard Statements: H226-H300-H310-H330-H314-H318-H317-H350
Flammable liquid and vapour. Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Fatal if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage. May cause an allergic skin reaction. May cause cancer.
Precautionary Statements: P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P320-P405-P501a
IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Specific treatment is urgent (see label). Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.