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Mercaptoacetic acid sodium salt is used as a reagent that protects tryptophan in amino acid analysis. It is a commonly used reagent for bacteriological research to maintain reducing conditions in media. It also protect enzymes against inactivation by maintaining protein thiol groups in the reduced state.
Eiki Adachi. Three-Dimensional Self-Assembly of Gold Nanocolloids in Spheroids Due to Dialysis in the Presence of Sodium Mercaptoacetate. Langmuir. 2000, 16 (16), 6460-6463.
Morton Klein, J. H. Brewer, J. E. Perez and Beatrice Day. The Inactivation of Influenza Virus by Mercurials and the Reactivation by Sodium Thioglycolate and Bal. The Journal of Immunology. 1948, 59 (2), 135-140.
Hazard Statements: H302-H311-H315-H319-H317
Harmful if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause an allergic skin reaction.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280-P305+P351+P338-P301+P312a-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor if you feel unwell. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.