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Catecholborane is used to prepare B-alkylcatecholboranes. It finds application for the preparation of amides and macrocyclic lactams from carboxylic acids. It is used as a stereoselective reducing agent to convert beta-hydroxy ketones to syn 1,3-diols. Further, it reacts with alkyne through hydroboration to form trans vinyl borane, which is a precursor to Suzuki reaction.
Mild, selective hydroborating agent: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 97, 5249 (1975); Tetrahedron, 32, 981 (1976). Use of Rh(I) and Ir(I) catalysis increases stereo- and regioselectivity: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 114, 6671, 6674 (1992). For Rh catalyzed enantioselective hydroboration of alkenylboronic acids, see: Tetrahedron: Asymmetry, 7, 5 (1996). Hydroboration of olefins can be accomplished at room temperature in the presence of N,N-dimethylacetamide: J. Org. Chem., 61, 3224 (1996).
For a brief feature on uses of this reagent in Organic synthesis, see: Synlett, 666 (2007).
Phothongkam, S.; Uang, B. J. Enantioselective Reduction of Ketones Induced by a C2-Symmetrical Chiral Hydroxyamide/Titanium(IV) complex. Asian J. Org. Chem. 2015, 4 (8), 794-799.
Yang, Y.; Xu, M.; Song, D. Organocatalysts with carbon-centered activity for CO2 reduction with boranes. Chem. Commun. 2015, 51 (56), 11293-11296.
Hazard Statements: H225-H314
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P264b-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant