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Hexafluorophosphoric acid is used as a catalyst. It is also used as a metal cleaner and chemical polishing agent for the formation of protective coatings of metal surfaces..
Thermal decomposition of diazonium hexafluorophosphates often gives better results in the synthesis of aryl fluorides than the classical Balz-Schiemann method via the tetrafluoroborates (see Tetrafluoroboric acid, L14037). For an example, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 5, 133 (1973).
Bedouret, L.; Judeinstein, P.; Ollivier, J.; Combet, J.; Desmedt, A. Proton Diffusion in the Hexafluorophosphoric Acid Clathrate Hydrate. J. Phys. Chem. B 2014, 118 (47), 13357-13364.
Maiti, J.; Kakati, N.; Lee, S. H.; Yoon, Y. S. Fluorination of multiwall carbon nanotubes by a mild fluorinating reagent HPF 6. J. Fluorine Chem. 2012, 135, 362-366.
Hazard Statements: H300-H310-H314-H330-H335
Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Fatal if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P262-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P284-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Wear respiratory protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant