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Hexafluorophosphoric acid is used as a catalyst. It is also used as a metal cleaner and chemical polishing agent for the formation of protective coatings of metal surfaces..
Thermal decomposition of diazonium hexafluorophosphates often gives better results in the synthesis of aryl fluorides than the classical Balz-Schiemann method via the tetrafluoroborates (see Tetrafluoroboric acid, L14037). For an example, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 5, 133 (1973).
Bedouret, L.; Judeinstein, P.; Ollivier, J.; Combet, J.; Desmedt, A. Proton Diffusion in the Hexafluorophosphoric Acid Clathrate Hydrate. J. Phys. Chem. B 2014, 118 (47), 13357-13364.
Maiti, J.; Kakati, N.; Lee, S. H.; Yoon, Y. S. Fluorination of multiwall carbon nanotubes by a mild fluorinating reagent HPF 6. J. Fluorine Chem. 2012, 135, 362-366.
Hazard Statements: H300-H310-H330-H314-H318
Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Fatal if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P320-P405-P501a
IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Specific treatment is urgent (see label). Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.