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L17117 Hydrogen fluoride pyridine complex, ca 70% HF

CAS Number
Olah's Reagent
Pyridinium poly(hydrogen fluoride)

Stock No. Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
L17117-14 25g 45.40
L17117-22 100g 92.60
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Hydrogen fluoride pyridine complex, ca 70% HF


Chemical Properties

Boiling Point
Storage & Sensitivity
Store under Nitrogen. Keep Cold. Moisture Sensitive.


Hydrogen fluoride pyridine complex is used to prepare beta-fluoroamines via reaction with amino alcohols. As a fluorinating agent, is involved in the fluorination of 2,2-diary-1,3-dithiolanes. It is associated with nitrosonium tetrafluorborate to prepare gem-difluorides by reacting with ketoximes. It is also used to convert secondary and tertiary alcohols into their respective alkyl fluorides.


Moisture sensitive. Store in cool place. Incompatible with strong bases, alkali metals, strong oxidizing agents, metals and strong acids. It reacts violently with water.

Literature References

Convenient form of anhydrous HF, showing increased reactivity in many reactions: J. Org. Chem., 44, 3872 (1979). Alkenes and alkynes undergo hydrofluorination; in the presence of NIS or NBS, iodo- or bromofluorination occurs: Synthesis, 779 (1973). Secondary and tertiary alcohols are converted to alkyl fluorides: Synthesis, 653 (1974). Diazotization of ɑ-amino acids in the presence of the reagent provides good yields of ɑ-fluoro acids: Synthesis, 654 (1974). Reaction with aryldiazonium salts or triazenes leads to aryl fluorides, providing a convenient alternative to the Balz-Schiemann reaction (see Tetrafluoroboric acid, L14037): J. Am. Chem. Soc., 97, 208 (1975); J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 914 (1979); Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 63, 2058 (1990).

In combination with nitrosonium tetrafluorborate, ketoximes are converted to gem-difluorides: Synlett, 425 (1994).

For use in electrophilic electrochemical fluorination, see: J. Fluorine Chem., 83, 31 (1997).

The reagent is also widely applied to the cleavage of a variety of silyl protecting groups including TBDMS, TES, TBDPS and TIPS: Synthesis, 453 (1986); J. Am .Chem. Soc., 112, 7001 (1990); for further discussion see: P. Kocienski, Protecting Groups, Thieme, Stuttgart (1994).

Metayer, B.; Compain, G.; Jouvin, K.; Martin-Mingot, A.; Bachmann, C.; Marrot, J.; Thibaudeau, S. Chemo-and Stereoselective Synthesis of Fluorinated Enamides from Ynamides in HF/Pyridine: Second-Generation Approach to Potent Ureas Bioisosteres. J. Org. Chem. 2015, 80 (7), 3397-3410.

Wang, Q.; Zhong, W.; Wei, X.; Ning, M.; Meng, X.; Li, Z. Metal-free intramolecular aminofluorination of alkenes mediated by PhI (OPiv) 2/hydrogen fluoride-pyridine system. Org. Biomol. Chem. 2012, 10 (43), 8566-8569.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H300+H310+H330-H314-H335

Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Fatal if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.

Precautionary Statements: P260-P262-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P284-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P363-P501c

Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Wear respiratory protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant

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