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Formic acid is principally used as a preservative antibacterial agent in livestock feed, in dying textiles, tanning leather and electroplating. In the poultry industry, it is sometimes added with feed to kill E. coli bacteria. It acts as a reducing agent for the catalytic reduction of nitrate in water.
Griggs, J. P. Alternatives to Antibiotics for Organic Poultry Production. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 2005, 14 (4), 750-756.
Garron, A.; Epron, F. Use of formic acid as reducing agent for application in catalytic reduction of nitrate in water. Water Res. 2005, 39 (13), 3073-3081.
Hazard Statements: H226-H302-H314-H331
Flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Toxic if inhaled.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P240-P241-P242-P243-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P301+P312-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P311-P312-P330-P331-P363-P372-P374-P380-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Explosion risk in case of fire. Fight fire with normal precautions from a reasonable distance. Evacuate area. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant