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Formic acid is principally used as a preservative antibacterial agent in livestock feed, in dying textiles, tanning leather and electroplating. In the poultry industry, it is sometimes added with feed to kill E. coli bacteria. It acts as a reducing agent for the catalytic reduction of nitrate in water.
Griggs, J. P. Alternatives to Antibiotics for Organic Poultry Production. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 2005, 14 (4), 750-756.
Garron, A.; Epron, F. Use of formic acid as reducing agent for application in catalytic reduction of nitrate in water. Water Res. 2005, 39 (13), 3073-3081.
Hazard Statements: H226-H302-H331-H314-H318
Flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Toxic if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.