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N-Methoxymethyl-N-(trimethylsilylmethyl)benzylamine forms azomethine ylides which readily undergo [3+2] cycloaddition to α,ß-unsaturated esters affording N-benzyl substituted pyrrolidines in good yields. It reacts with asymmetric 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions in the practical, large-scale synthesis of chiral pyrrolidines. It is used in the the synthesis of 3-carboxy-1-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane derivatives, an important class of physiologically active compounds.
A. Stephen K. Hashmi; Dominic Riedel; Matthias Rudolph; Frank Rominger; Thomas Oeser. Regioselective Formation of Saturated Abnormal NHC-Gold(I) Complexes by [3+2] Cycloaddition of Azomethine Ylides and Isonitrile Gold(I) Complexes. Org. Biomol. Chem.2012, 18, 3827-3830.
Ultrasound treatment with LiF in acetonitrile generates an azomethine ylide which undergoes 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition to olefins to give pyrrolidine derivatives in good yield: J. Org. Chem., 52, 235 (1987). Also found use in the the synthesis of 3-carboxy-1-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane derivatives, an important class of physiologically active compounds: J. Org. Chem., 66, 2526 (2001).
Hazard Statements: H227-H315-H319-H335
Combustible liquid. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P235-P261-P264b-P271-P280-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep cool. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant