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Dysprosium(III) trifluoromethanesulfonate is a water-tolerant Lewis acid used in the Aldol reaction of silyl enol ethers with aldehydes. This is an effective catalyst for electrophilic substitution reactions of indoles with imines. Also used as catalyst for Aza-Piancatelli rearrangement, Friedel-Crafts alkylation, ring-opening polymerization reactions, microwave-assisted Kabachnik-Fields condensation, cycloaddition reactions (Lewis-acid catalyst), fries rearrangement and enantioselective glyoxalate-ene reactions.
Leoni I Palmer; Javier Read de Alaniz. Direct and highly diastereoselective synthesis of azaspirocycles by a dysprosium(III) triflate catalyzed aza-Piancatelli rearrangement. Angewandte Chemie. International edition in English. 2011, 50 (31), 7167-7170.
Patrick D Pohlhaus; Shanina D Sanders; Andrew T Parsons; Wei Li, Jeffrey S Johnson. Scope and mechanism for lewis acid-catalyzed cycloadditions of aldehydes and donor-acceptor cyclopropanes: evidence for a stereospecific intimate ion pair pathway. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 2008, 130 (27), 8642-8650.
The uses of rare-earth metal triflates in organic synthesis have been reviewed by S. Kobayashi: Synlett, 689 (1994); Chem. Rev., 102, 2227 (2002).
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.