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Dysprosium(III) trifluoromethanesulfonate is a water-tolerant Lewis acid used in the Aldol reaction of silyl enol ethers with aldehydes. This is an effective catalyst for electrophilic substitution reactions of indoles with imines. Also used as catalyst for Aza-Piancatelli rearrangement, Friedel-Crafts alkylation, ring-opening polymerization reactions, microwave-assisted Kabachnik-Fields condensation, cycloaddition reactions (Lewis-acid catalyst), fries rearrangement and enantioselective glyoxalate-ene reactions.
Leoni I Palmer; Javier Read de Alaniz. Direct and highly diastereoselective synthesis of azaspirocycles by a dysprosium(III) triflate catalyzed aza-Piancatelli rearrangement. Angewandte Chemie. International edition in English. 2011, 50 (31), 7167-7170.
Patrick D Pohlhaus; Shanina D Sanders; Andrew T Parsons; Wei Li, Jeffrey S Johnson. Scope and mechanism for lewis acid-catalyzed cycloadditions of aldehydes and donor-acceptor cyclopropanes: evidence for a stereospecific intimate ion pair pathway. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 2008, 130 (27), 8642-8650.
The uses of rare-earth metal triflates in organic synthesis have been reviewed by S. Kobayashi: Synlett, 689 (1994); Chem. Rev., 102, 2227 (2002).
Hazard Statements: H314-H335-H500
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation. May form combustible dust concentrations in air
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant