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(R)-(+)-β-Hydroxy-γ-butyrolactone is used in the pharmaceutical industry as a chiral building block for the statin class of cholesterol-reducing drugs. It is also used to prepare HIV inhibitors and nutritional supplement such as L-carnitine.
Gade, N. R.; Iqbal, J. A Common Synthetic Protocol for the Cyclic and Acyclic Core of Migrastatin, Isomigrastatin, and Dorrigocin via a Chiral beta-Hydroxy-gamma-butyrolactone Intermediate. Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2014, 2014 (29), 6558-6564.
Blain, J. C.; Ricardo, A.; Szostak, J. W. Synthesis and Nonenzymatic Template-Directed Polymerization of 2'-Amino-2'-deoxythreose Nucleotides. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2014, 136 (5), 2033-2039.
De Angelis, F.; De Fusco, E.; Desiderio, P.; Giannessi, F.; Piccirilli, F.; Tinti, M. O. Inversion of Configuration of (S)-beta-Hydroxy-gamma-butyrolactone with Total Retention of the Enantiomeric Purity. Eur. J. Org. Chem. 1999, 1999 (11), 2705-2707.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P280a-P264-P305+P351+P338-P321-P332+P313-P337+P313
Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. Wash thoroughly after handling. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Specific treatment (see label). If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: