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It is an important raw material and intermediate used in organic synthesis, pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals and dyestuff.
Zhong-Yu You; Zhi-Qiang Liu; Yu-Guo Zheng. Chemical and enzymatic approaches to the synthesis of optically pure ethyl (R)-4-cyano-3-hydroxybutanoate. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 2014, 98 (1), 11-21.
Hazard Statements: H319
Causes serious eye irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P264b-P280i-P305+P351+P338-P337+P313
Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Wear eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.