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Carboxylic acids are organic compounds that contain a carboxyl group and are Brønsted-Lowry acids. Carboxylic acids, being polar in nature, have a tendency of forming a dimeric pair in non-polar media. This polarity results from the presence of a strongly polarized carbonyl (C=O) group and hydroxyl (O-H) group, and the dipoles present in carboxylic acids allow these compounds to participate in energetically favorable hydrogen bonding. Carboxylic acids can exist as aliphatic carboxylic acids, aromatic carboxylic acids, and thiocarboxylic acids. There are wide ranges of carboxylic acid derivatives, which include esters, amides, acid chlorides, anhydrides, and imides. Carboxylic acids can be converted into amines and aldehydes via esters or amides (such as Weinreb amides).