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Solvents are substances, mostly in the form of liquid, which can dissolve a solute and form a solution. Solvents can be broadly classified into two types, polar solvents (eg. Water) and non-polar solvents (eg. Hexane) based on their dielectric constant. Polar solvents have a strong dielectric constant. They have one or more electronegative atoms like N or O. Common functional groups present in polar solvents include alcohols, ketones, carboxylic acids and amides.