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Inorganic Boron Compounds

Many inorganic boron compounds are electron-deficient, which is what accounts for boron being a strong Lewis acid, accepting protons (H+ ions) in solution. Boron compounds include metal borates, boric acid, boric oxide, and boric acid esters.

Borate salts produce basic solutions that are used in cleaning agents. Other boron compounds are used in a variety of things including adhesives, cement, disinfectants, fertilizers, fire retardants, glass, herbicides, metallurgical fluxes, and textile bleaches and dyes. Inorganic boron compounds find large-scale applications in many industries, most notably in the manufacture of glass and other vitreous materials. Inorganic boron compounds are used in organic synthesis specifically as catalysts and reducing agents.

Non-oxide boron compounds also have important industrial uses. These include refractory compounds, such as boron carbide, boron nitrides, boron phosphides, elemental boron, and metalûboron alloys, as well as non-refractories, such as the boron halides. The pharmacological uses of boron compounds have been known for several decades. The developments of the medicinal chemistry of boron were stipulated by applications in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) of cancers, recent literature shows that some boron analogues of amino acids and their derivatives express hypolipidemic, anti-inflammatory, antiarthitic, antipleurisy, and analgesic properties.


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