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Organic fluorophosphate salts are salts of alkyl or aryl bonded fluorophosphates. Organic fluorophosphates have gained importance both as products and as reagents in several organic transformations. One of the most important applications is ionic liquids, which are alternate green solvents for a wide range of organic reactions; organic fluorophosphate salts are used as ionic liquids in several reactions due to their high electrochemical and thermal stability, while having low viscosity. Specifically, perfluoroalkylfluorophosphate anions are substantially inert and have greater stability as a reaction medium. They can be easily decomposed after completion of the reaction and hence they are environmentally friendly. Some of the examples of ionic liquids are 3-methyl-1-sulfonic acid imidazolium hexafluorophosphate(V), [P(C2F5)3F2(dmap)], [PPh4][P(C2F5)3F2OH], [HDMAP][P(C2F5)3F2OC(O)CH3], and [HDMAP][P(C2F5)3F2OPh].
Perfluoroalkyl fluorophosphate anions are used as high voltage electrolytes in lithium cells. Some organic fluorophosphates are used in ophthalmology as a miotic agent for the treatment of chronic glaucoma and as a miotic agent in veterinary medicine. Some examples of these organic fluorophosphates are diisopropyl fluorophosphates, methoxy arachidonyl fluorophosphonate, and isopropyl dodecylphosphonofluoridate. The fluorophosphates esters have been evaluated as probes for understanding the enzyme catalysed phosphoryl transfer (Alkherraz, A., Faraday Discuss., 2010,145, 281-299).