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Organo halides (also known as halocarbons) are organic compounds containing halogens such as fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine. Depending on the type of halogen atom, these compounds are referred as organo fluorine compounds, organo chlorine compounds, organo bromine compounds, and organo iodine compounds. Among these, organo chlorides are the most common organo halides. In general organo halides are produced by synthetic routes rather than a biological route. Numerous chemical reactions involve the use of organic halides which includes the highly remarkable Grignard reaction, & Reformatsky reaction.
Organo halides play an important role in the pharmaceutical industry. Many drugs are organo halide compounds. Trifluoromethyl groups, difluromethyl groups are reported to enhance pharmacological activity. Similarly in the field of chemical industry, these compounds are utilized as solvents, pesticides, refrigerants like freon, fire-resistant oils, ingredients of elastomers, adhesives and sealants, electrically insulating coatings, plasticizers, and plastics. Some of the haloalkenes have been chemical building blocks of plastics such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC, polymerized chloroethene) and Teflon.