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CADMIUM (48Cd112.411)

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A bluish-white metal, cadmium is soft, malleable and tarnishes in moist air. It is similar to zinc in many respects. Cadmium lowers the melting point of certain alloys and is used in bearing alloys to lower the coefficient of friction and improve resistance to fatigue. Cadmium is typically produced as a by-product in the treatment of zinc, copper, and lead ores.

Property Name Property Value Property Name Property Value
Atomic Code (48Cd112.411) Atomic Volume 13.1W/D
CAS # 7440-43-9 First Ionization Energy 207K-cal/g-mole
Electronegativity 1.7Pauling's
Melting Point 321.1°C Covalent Radius 1.48Angstroms
Boiling Point 765°C Mohs Hardness @ 20°C 2.0
Density 8.65g/cm3 Linear Coefficient of Expansion 29.8x10-6K-1
Themal Conductivity 0.22cal/cm2/cm/s/°C Electrical Resistivity @ 20°C 6.83µΩ-cm
Specific Heat @ 20°C 0.055cal/g°C Crystal Structure Hexagonal
Latent Heat of Fusion 13.2cal/g Vapor Pressure @ 484°C 10mmHg
Latent Heat of Vaporization 286.4cal/g Thermal Neutron Cross Section 2450barns/atom

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