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Copper is reddish, lustrous, ductile, malleable metal. It is second only to silver in electrical conductivity and is also a good conductor of heat. Copper is one of the earliest known metals and is believed to have been mined for over 5,000 years. Though it occasionally occurs native, copper is often found in other minerals including cuprite, malachite, and chalcopyrite.
|Property Name||Property Value||Property Name||Property Value|
|Atomic Volume||7.1W/D||Heat of Vaporization||72.8k-cal/g-atom|
|Atomic Code||(29Cu63.546)||First Ionization Energy||178K-cal/g-mole|
|Melting Point||1083°C||Vickers Hardness @ 20°C||3.0|
|Boiling Point||2562°C||Linear Coefficient of Expansion @ 20°C||16.42x10-6K-1|
|Density||8.94g/cm3||Electrical Resistivity @ 20°C||1.673µΩ-cm|
|Themal Conductivity||0.941cal/cm2/cm/s/°C||Crystal Structure||Cubic, face centered|
|Specific Heat @ 20°C||0.0918cal/g°C||Tensile Strength (annealed)||30,000psi|
|Latent Heat of Fusion||48.9cal/g|