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Organic compounds containing the silicon-carbon bond are referred to as organosilicon compounds. In general, these compounds are colorless, thermally stable and highly soluble in hydrocarbons, chlorinated hydrocarbons, ethers, and other organic solvents. In general, organosilicon compounds are readily hydrolyzed. Silanols, silanes, siloxanes, silyl halides are examples of silicon products.
Organosilicon compounds show a vast array of applications in chemical research and industry. Silicone products are widely used in various manufacturing sectors for the preparation of defoamers, healthcare products, adhesives, computers, dry cleaning solvents, lubricants (automotive field), cooking utensils, thermal insulation, construction and architecture materials, and electrical insulations; many fabrics are coated with silicone to form a strong, waterproof composite. In addition, it is used in making bandages and dressings, contact lenses, and scar treatment sheets. Silicon products participate in a huge number of chemical transformations aimed at the synthesis of several important molecules used in research. In organic synthesis, silicon compounds are useful as mild and stable reducing agents, protecting groups, and derivatization agents. In addition, silanes contribute significantly to cross coupling chemistry. Silicon products are used in many medicinal products such as antacid, antiflatulent, and antifeedant formulations, apart from their use in medical devices, and as excipients in pharmaceutical formulations, and finally as adhesives in drug delivery systems.