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98-95-3 - Nitrobenzene, 99% - A10585 - Alfa Aesar

A10585 Nitrobenzene, 99%

Número CAS
98-95-3
Nombre Alternativo

Tamaño Precio ($) Cantidad Disponibilidad
500g 26,20
2500g 76,30
10000g 224,00
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Nitrobenzene, 99%

MDL
MFCD00007043
EINECS
202-716-0

Propiedades químicas

Fórmula
C6H5NO2
Peso molecular
123.11
Punto de fusión
5-6°
Punto de ebullición
210-212°
Punto de inflamabilidad
87°(188°F)
Densidad
1.196
Índice de refracción
1.5520
Solubilidad
Miscible with ethanol, diethyl ether, acetone, benzene and organic solvents. Slightly miscible with water and carbon tetrachloride.

Aplicaciones

Nitrobenzene is used as a solvent and as a starting material in the organic synthesis for the preparation of aniline, benzidine, azobenzene, nitrosobenzene, phenylhydroxylamine and acetaminophen. It is also used as a solvent for electrophilic reagents in synthetic chemistry. Further, it is used to prevent the unpleasant odor in shoe, floor and metal polishes. It acts as a precursor to rubber chemicals, azo dyes and pharmaceuticals.

Notas

Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents and strong bases.

Referencias documentales

For selective reduction to phenylhydroxylamine with hydrazine hydrate in the presence of rhodium, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 8, 16 (1993).

Electrophilic iodination of the deactivated ring has been effected with N-Iodosuccinimide, A14320, in triflic acid: J. Org. Chem., 58, 3194 (1993).

Commonly used, high dielectric constant solvent, e.g. in Friedel-Crafts reactions. CAUTION! Exothermic reactions can occur with aluminum chloride.

Fu, L.; Cai, W.; Wang, A.; Zheng, Y. Photocatalytic hydrogenation of nitrobenzene to aniline over tungsten oxide-silver nanowires. Mater. Lett. 2015, 142, 201-203.

Boukobza, M.; Garnier, R.; Cleophax, C.; Baud, F. J. CT and MRI findings and follow-up after massive nitrobenzene ingestion. A case report. J. Neurol. Sci. 2015, 357 (1-2), 322-325.

Indicaciones de peligro y de precaución del GHS

Indicaciones de peligro (UE): H227-H300-H310-H330-H351-H361-H372

Combustible liquid. Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Fatal if inhaled. Suspected of causing cancer. Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.

Indicaciones de precaución: P301+P310a-P304+P340-P320-P330-P405-P501a

IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Specific treatment is urgent (see label). Rinse mouth. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Otras referencias

Merck
14,6588
Beilstein
507540
Clase de peligro
6.1
Grupo de embalaje
II
Código de tarifa arancelaria unificado
2904.20
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
DA6475000

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