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107-13-1 - Acrylonitrile, 99+%, stab. with ca 40ppm 4-methoxyphenol - Propenenitrile - Vinyl cyanide - A13058 - Alfa Aesar

A13058 Acrylonitrile, 99+%, stab. with ca 40ppm 4-methoxyphenol

Número CAS
107-13-1
Nombre Alternativo
Propenenitrile
Vinyl cyanide

Tamaño Precio ($) Cantidad Disponibilidad
100ml 15,00
500ml 23,50
2500ml 70,00
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Acrylonitrile, 99+%, stab. with ca 40ppm 4-methoxyphenol

MDL
MFCD00001927
EINECS
203-466-5

Propiedades químicas

Fórmula
C3H3N
Peso molecular
53.06
Punto de fusión
-84°
Punto de ebullición
77-78°
Punto de inflamabilidad
0°(32°F)
Densidad
0.806
Índice de refracción
1.3910
Sensibilidad
Light Sensitive
Solubilidad
Miscible with isopropanol, ethanol, ether, acetone, water, carbon tetrachloride, ethyl acetate, toluene and benzene.

Aplicaciones

Acrylonitrile acts as a monomer used in the production of polyacrlonitrile plastics, adhesives and synthetic rubber. It is also used for the synthesis of copolymers such as styrene-acrylonitrile, acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, acrylonitrile styrene acrylate. It is involved in the preparation of adiponitrile by dimerization, which finds application in polyamide synthesis. It acts as a precursor to acrylamide and acrylic acid. It is used as dienophile in Diels-Alder reactions. It acts as a chemical intermediate in the synthesis of antioxidants, active pharmaceutical ingredients, dyes, and surface-active agents. Further, it is utilized for the preparation of acrylic fibers, resins and nitrile rubbers. In addition to this, it serves as a fumigant for food commodities, flour milling, and bakery food processing equipment.

Notas

Light sensitive. Incompatible with oxidizing agents, acids, alkalis, metals, bromine, peroxides and copper.

Referencias documentales

The Stetter reaction (conjugate addition of aryl aldehydes) catalyzed by CN-, is exemplified by the addition of pyridine-3-carboxaldehyde to acrylonitrile to give 4-oxo-4-(3-pyridyl)butyronitrile: Org. Synth. Coll., 6, 866 (1988). See also 3-Benzyl-5-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-methyl­thiazolium chloride, L08750.

Free radical alkylation, acylation and arylation reactions also occur in the presence of t-butyl hydroperoxide and a Cu(II) catalyst: J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1399 (1995). Several other free radical procedures have been reported involving intramolecular homolytic aromatic substitution to give carbocyclic and heterocyclic systems: Tetrahedron Lett., 36, 4307 (1995):

The reaction is also applicable to acrylate esters and vinyl ketones; with acrylonitrile and phenoxyacetic acid, tetrahydrobenzopyran-4-carbonitrile is obtained in 41% yield.

Dai, Y.; Song, Y.; Tu, X.; Jiang, Y.; Yuan, Y. Sequential shape-selective adsorption and photocatalytic transformation of acrylonitrile production wastewater. Water Res. 2015, 85, 216-225.

Pan, X.; Lamson, M.; Yan, J.; Matyjaszewski, K. Photoinduced Metal-Free Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization of Acrylonitrile. ACS Macro Lett. 2015, 4 (2), 192-196.

Indicaciones de peligro y de precaución del GHS

Indicaciones de peligro (UE): H225-H301-H311-H331-H315-H318-H317-H350-H335

Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Toxic if inhaled. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye damage. May cause an allergic skin reaction. May cause cancer. May cause respiratory irritation.

Indicaciones de precaución: P210-P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. IF SWALLOWED: IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Otras referencias

Merck
14,131
Beilstein
605310
Clase de peligro
3
Grupo de embalaje
I
Código de tarifa arancelaria unificado
2926.10
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
AT5250000

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