Cookies disclaimer

Estoy de acuerdo utilizamos cookies para mejorar la experiencia de navegación del usuario y para estudiar cómo se utiliza nuestro sitio web. si navega por nuestro sitio web, estará aceptando el uso de las cookies en las condiciones establecidas en la presente política de cookies. esta política puede ser actualizada, por lo que le invitamos a revisarla de forma regular

A13285 Formic acid, 97%

Número CAS
Nombre Alternativo

Stock No. Tamaño Precio ($) Cantidad Disponibilidad
A13285-36 500g 29,40
A13285-0E 2500g 66,60
A13285-0C 10000g 228,00
Añadir al carrito Añadir al presupuesto al por mayor Ver artículo

Formic acid, 97%


Propiedades químicas

Peso molecular
Punto de fusión
Punto de ebullición
Punto de inflamabilidad
Índice de refracción
Storage & Sensitivity
Hygroscopic. Store under Nitrogen. Ambient temperatures.
Miscible with water. Partially miscible with toluene, xylene and benzene.


Formic acid is principally used as a preservative antibacterial agent in livestock feed, in dying textiles, tanning leather and electroplating. In the poultry industry, it is sometimes added with feed to kill E. coli bacteria. It acts as a reducing agent for the catalytic reduction of nitrate in water.


Hygroscopic. Store closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Containers which are opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage.

Referencias documentales

Cleaves trityl groups selectively in the presence of benzylidene acetals or TBDMS ethers: Tetrahedron Lett., 27, 579 (1986).

Instead of the unstable formic anhydride, formylations may be carried out with formic acid and acetic anhydride to generate the mixed acetic formic anhydride in situ. For a review, see: Tetrahedron, 46, 1081 (1990). This reagent has been used for the deoxygenation of tertiary amine oxides: Chem. Lett., 1517 (1985).

Dehydration with sulfuric acid can be used to generate CO in situ. Subsequent reaction with tertiary carbocations gives the corresponding carboxylic acid (the Koch-Haaf carboxylation). For examples, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 5, 20, 739 (1973); improved procedure: Synth. Commun., 19, 1945 (1989). 1,4-Diols in which one alcohol is tertiary give -lactones: Chem. Lett., 1187 (1982).

Used in combination with formaldehyde in the Eschweiler-Clarke reductive methylation of amines, the formic acid acting as a hydride donor. Review: Org. React., 5, 290 (1949). For an example, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 3, 723 (1955).

In the presence of Raney nickel alloy, reduces aromatic nitriles to aldehydes in high yield: J. Chem. Soc., 5775 (1965); for list of examples, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 6, 631 (1988).

Hydrogen donor, in combination with Pd on carbon, in catalytic transfer hydrogenations; see, e.g.: Selective reduction of dinitroarenes to nitroanilines: J. Org. Chem., 45, 4992 (1980). Dehalogenation of aryl halides: Synthesis, 876 (1982). Hydrogenation of aromatic rings: Tetrahedron Lett., 33, 7477 (1992). See also Palladium, A12012, Cyclohexene, A11359, and Ammonium formate, A10699. For a comparative mechanistic study of formic acid and formate salts in hydrogenolysis of aryl chlorides, see: J. Org. Chem., 60, 1347 (1995).

In combination with Selenium(IV)­ oxide, 12358, improved results have been obtained in the allylic oxidation of sterically-hindered olefins: Synth. Commun., 24, 29213 (1994).

Rhee, Y. W.; Ha, S. Y.; Masel, R. I. Crossover of formic acid through Nafion membranes. J. Power Sources 2003, 117 (1), 35-38.

Jayashree, R. S.; Spendelow, J. S.; Yeom, J.; Rastogi, C.; Shannon, M. A.; Kenis, P. J. A. Characterization and application of electrodeposited Pt, Pt/Pd, and Pd catalyst structures for direct formic acid micro fuel cells. Electrochim. Acta 2005, 50 (24), 4674-4682.

Indicaciones de peligro y de precaución del GHS

Indicaciones de peligro (UE): H226-H302-H331-H314-H318

Flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Toxic if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.

Indicaciones de precaución: P210-P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Otras referencias

Clase de peligro
Grupo de embalaje
Código de tarifa arancelaria unificado


Visto recientemente

Productos químicos

Ciencias de la vida

Metales & materiales


Análisis y material de laboratorio