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109-78-4 - 3-Hydroxypropionitrile, 97% - 2-Cyanoethanol - Ethylene cyanohydrin - L12570 - Alfa Aesar

L12570 3-Hydroxypropionitrile, 97%

Número CAS
109-78-4
Nombre Alternativo
2-Cyanoethanol
Ethylene cyanohydrin

Tamaño Precio ($) Cantidad Disponibilidad
25g 22,66
250g 34,84
1000g 92,49
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3-Hydroxypropionitrile, 97%

MDL
MFCD00002826
EINECS
203-704-8

Propiedades químicas

Fórmula
C3H5NO
Peso molecular
71.08
Punto de fusión
-46°
Punto de ebullición
227-228°
Punto de inflamabilidad
128°(262°F)
Densidad
1.041
Índice de refracción
1.4250
Solubilidad
Fully miscible in water.

Aplicaciones

3-Hydroxypropionitrile has been used as polar solvent to investigate the orientation of the phospholipid at the surface of the polar solvents by neutral impact collision ion scattering spectroscopy and as a reagent for carboxyl protection in peptide synthesis. It has been used also in solid state composite electrolyte for dye-sensitized solar cells.

Notas

Stable under recommended storage conditions. Incompatible with oxidizing agents.

Referencias documentales

Hartwig Pohl; Thomas Krebs; Harald Morgner. Orientation of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine at the surface of formamide and hydroxypropionitrile. Langmuir. 2010, 26,(4), 2473-2476.

 

Hongxia Wang; Xizhe Liu; Zhaoxiang Wang; Hong Li; Dongmei Li; Qingbo Meng; Liquan Chen. Effect of iodine addition on solid-state electrolyte LiI/3-hydroxypropionitrile (1:4) for dye-sensitized solar cells. Journal of Physical Chemistry B. 2006, 110,(12), 5970-5974.

Protection of carboxylic acids as 2-cyanoethyl esters can be accomplished by DCC-DMAP coupling. The esters can be cleaved with TBAF in DMF-THF: Chem. Pharm. Bull., 42, 147 (1994), or Na2S in methanol: Chem. Pharm. Bull., 42, 1579 (1994).

Can also be used to protect the phosphate group, by condensation with 2,4,6-Triisopropyl­benzenesulfonyl­ chloride, A11458: Chem. Pharm. Bull., 25, 2844 (1977), or DCC: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 83, 159 (1961). Cleavage can be effected with an amine: Tetrahedron Lett., 23, 5119 (1982), ammonia: J. Org. Chem., 59, 2482 (1994); Tetrahedron Lett., 35, 4311 (1994), or TBAF: Tetrahedron Lett., 1255 (1976).

Precursor of 2-cyanoethyl 2,2,2-trichloroethyl phosphorochloridate, a reagent for the phosphorylation of nucleosides: Synthesis, 831 (1980); see 2,2,2-Trichloroethanol, L08163.

Indicaciones de peligro y de precaución del GHS

Indicaciones de peligro (UE): H315-H319-H335

Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.

Indicaciones de precaución: P261-P280-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P362-P312-P321-P405-P403+P233-P501a

Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Specific treatment (see label). Store locked up. Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Otras referencias

Merck
14,3794
Beilstein
635773
Código de tarifa arancelaria unificado
2926.90
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
MU5250000

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