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79-24-3 - Nitroethane, 99% - A10855 - Alfa Aesar

A10855 Nitroethane, 99%

Numéro de CAS
79-24-3
Synonymes

Conditionnement Prix ($) Quantité Disponibilité
100g 25,40
500g 53,90
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Nitroethane, 99%

MDL
MFCD00007404
EINECS
201-188-9

Propriétés chimiques

Formule
CH3CH2NO2
Poids moleculaire
75.07
Point de fusion
-89°
Point d'ébullition
112-115°
Point d'éclair
30°(86°F)
Densité
1.046
Indice de réfraction
1.3920
Solubilité
Soluble in water (4.6 g/100 ml at 20°C).

Applications

Nitroethane is used as industrial solvents and pharmaceutical intermediates, explosives and as rocket fuel.

Notes

Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Containers which are opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage. It is hygroscopic in nature. Incompatible with oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents, strong acids and strong bases.

Références bibliographiques

David J. T. Porters.; Harold J. Bright. Mechanism of Oxidation of Nitroethane by Glucose Oxidase. The Journal Of Biological Chemistry. 1977, 252, (12), 4361-4370.

Syun-ichi Kiyooka.; Yuichi Kaneko.; Ken-ichi Kume. The catalytic asymmetric aldol reaction of silyl ketene acetals with aldehydes in the presence of a chiral borane complex. Nitroethane as a highly effective solvent for catalytic conditions. Tetrahedron Letters. 1992, 33, (34), 4927-4930.

Aldehydes are converted to nitriles in one step in the presence of NaOAc/AcOH (NH4OAc gives the "expected" alkylidene derivative): Synthesis, 510 (1985):

For a review of the use of nitro-compounds as alkyl anion synthons, including methods for removing the nitro-group from the resulting carbon skeletons, see: Synthesis, 833 (1988).

For further reactions of aliphatic nitro-compounds, see Nitromethane, A11806.

Mentions de danger et de prudence du SGH

Mentions de danger (UE): H226-H302-H332

Flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Harmful if inhaled.

Mentions de prudence: P210-P261-P280a-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P501a

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Autres références

Merck
14,6597
Beilstein
1209324
Classe de danger
3
Groupe d'emballage
III
Code tarifaire harmonisé
2904.20
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
KI5600000

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