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80-70-6 - 1,1,3,3-Tetramethylguanidine, 99% - TMG - A12314 - Alfa Aesar

A12314 1,1,3,3-Tetramethylguanidine, 99%

Numéro CAS
80-70-6
Synonymes
TMG

Dimensions Prix ($) Quantité Disponibilité
25ml 18,46
100ml 50,26
500ml 166,86
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1,1,3,3-Tetramethylguanidine, 99%

MDL
MFCD00008323
EINECS
201-302-7

Propriétés chimiques

Formule
C5H13N3
Poids formulaire
115.18
Point de fusion
<-30°
Point d'ébullition
162°
Point d'éclair
60°(140°F)
Densité
0.918
Indice de réfraction
1.4690
Sensibilité
Air Sensitive
Solubilité
Miscible with water.

Applications

1,1,3,3-Tetramethylguanidine is employed as a polyurethane foam catalyst, as an accelerator for the syntheses of polysulfured rubber. It is also used as a strong base in the photochemical (couplers) and in the pharmaceutical (steroids) industries. It is essential for the preparation of alkyl nitriles from alkyl halides and 3'-alkylthymidines from 3'-nitrothymidines. It serves as an efficient and selective catalyst for the benzoylation of alcohols. It replaces the expensive bases 1,8-Diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU) and 1,5-Diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene (DBN) in organic synthesis.

Notes

Air sensitive. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, mineral and organic acids, carbon dioxide. Keep away from sources of ignition.

Références bibliographiques

Strong organic base useful for the formation of organic-soluble salts, and as a basic catalyst, e.g. in Michael addition reactions: J. Org. Chem., 27, 3175 (1962); Tetrahedron Lett., 569 (1973). Preferred catalyst in the Michael addition of aliphatic nitro compounds to unsaturated esters: Synthesis, 44 (1972); 953 (1989); Tetrahedron Lett., 30, 993 (1989).

Useful base for formation of TBDMS ethers of alcohols with tert-Butyl­dimethyl­chlorosilane, A13064: J. Org. Chem., 49, 4657 (1984).

For use in the Baylis-Hillman reaction, see: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin 1, 2831 (2001).

Inexpensive and efficient ligand for the palladium-catalyzed Heck reaction: Synlett, 1885 (2005).

Other uses include: Acylation of amino acids by methyl trifluoroacetate: Synthesis, 399 (1976). Formation of Boc-amino acids with tert-butyl phenyl carbonate: Org. Synth. Coll., 6, 203 (1988). Cleavage of peptides from resins: Tetrahedron, 40, 4237 (1984). Selective cleavage of a primary benzyloxycarbonyl (Cbz, Z) group in the presence of either Boc or secondary Cbz: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin 1, 1905 (1988). See also 4-Chloromethyl­pyridine hydrochloride, A12859 and Appendix 6.

/n

Liang, S.; Zhou, Y.; Liu, H.; Jiang, T.; Han, B. Immobilized 1,1,3,3-Tetramethylguanidine Ionic Liquids as the Catalyst for Synthesizing Propylene Glycol Methyl Ether. Catal. Lett. 2010, 140 (1-2), 49-54.

Huczynski, A.; Janczak, J.; Stefanska, J.; Rutkowski, J.; Brzezinski, B. X-ray, spectroscopic and antibacterial activity studies of the 1:1 complex of lasalocid acid with 1,1,3,3-tetramethylguanidine. J. Mol. Struct. 2010, 977 (1-3), 51-55.

Mentions de danger et de prudence du SGH

Mentions de danger (UE): H314-H318-H226-H302

Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage. Flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed.

Mentions de prudence: P210-P260-P280-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P304+P340-P310-P405-P501a

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Autres références

Beilstein
969608
Classe de danger
8
Groupe d'emballage
II
Code tarifaire harmonisé
2925.29
TSCA
Yes

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Analytique et matériel de laboratoire