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Iodoform is use as a disinfectant. It is an active ingredient of ear powder along with other constituents like zinc oxide and propanoic acid, which prevent infection and facilitate the removal of ear hair in dogs and cats. In analytical chemistry, it is involved in the determination of iodoform in drinking water as well as to remove heavy metals like mercury from fluids. It plays an important role in the fermentation of bio mass. It is also used in root canal therapy for infected primary teeth.
Precursor of diiodocarbene under phase-transfer conditions: Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 13, 132 (1974), or using KO-t-Bu: Synthesis, 313 (1976). Generation of diiodocarbene with NaH in ether and reaction with malonate is the first step of a route to vinyl iodides: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin 1, 47 (1990):
In the presence of solid NaOH, free radical iodination of saturated hydrocarbons has been accomplished under mild conditions. The reaction is thought to involve the triiodomethyl radical as a chain carrier: Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 38, 2786 (1999).
Gu, J.; Yan, X.; Fu, Z.; Yang, W.; Shi, Y. Iodoform-mediated free radical emulsion polymerization of chloroprene. J. Appl. Polym. Sci 2013, 128 (4), 2291-2296.
Zall, A.; Bensinger, D.; Schmidt, B. Oxidative Homologation of Aldehydes to α-Ketoaldehydes by using Iodoform, o-Iodoxybenzoic Acid, and Dimethyl Sulfoxide. Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2012, 2012 (7), 1439-1447.
Mentions de danger (UE): H302-H312-H332-H315-H319-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Harmful in contact with skin. Harmful if inhaled. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Mentions de prudence: P261-P280-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.