Nonane is used in organic synthesis, as a solvent, as a distillation chaser and as a fuel additive. It is also used in biodegradable detergent. It is an active ingredient of such petroleum fractions as varnish makers and painter naphtha, 140 flash, stoddard solvents and in gasoline.
Cripwell, J. T.; Schwarz, C. E.; Burger, A. J. Vapor-Liquid Equilibria Measurements for the Nine n-Alkane/Ketone Pairs Comprising 2-, 3-, and 4-Heptanone with n-Octane, n-Nonane, and n-Decane. J. Chem. Eng. Data 2015, 60 (3), 602-611.
Mansfield, E.; Outcalt, S. L. Bubble-Point Measurements of n-Butane+ n-Octane and n-Butane+ n-Nonane Binary Mixtures. J. Chem. Eng. Data 2015, 60 (8), 2447-2453.
Mentions de danger (UE): H226-H332-H304
Flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if inhaled. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.
Mentions de prudence: P261-P280f-P301+P310a-P315
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective clothing. IF SWALLOWED: Get immediate medical advice/attention.