Erythrose is an anti-cancer agent. In vitro, ~4 mM erythrose effectively kills cancer cells for tested cell lines (in vitro), such as: lung, brain, breast and colorectal cancers. D-Erythrose inhibits tumor growth in mice (in vivo). It is used to study the mechanisms of organic micro spherule formation and Maillard (glycation) reactions.
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Azofra LM, et al. Conformational study of the open-chain and furanose structures of D-erythrose and D-threose.Carbohydr. Res.201235896-105.