Calpeptin is used to to inhibit the activities of cathepsin L and calpain-1. Calpeptin blocked the expression of aspartyl protease cathepsin D, amyloid precursor protein, and calparin. It acts as an inhibitor of the Ca2+-dependent protease, calpain. Prevents collagen- and thrombin-induced platelet aggregation, probably by blocking calpain induced phospholipase C and thromboxane synthase activation. Potent cathepsin L inhibitor. It is shown to preferentially inhibit a subset of protein-tyrosine phosphatases.
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Sasaki et al. Inhibitory effect of di-and tripeptidyl aldehydes on calpains and cathepsins. J.Enzyme Inhib. 1990, 3 ,(3), 195-201.