2-Methyltetrahydrofuran acts as a solvent in organic synthesis. It is considered as a replacement for terahydrofuran due to its higher reaction temperature and easy separation after reaction. It is also useful in the electrolyte formulation for secondary lithium electrodes and as a component in alternative fuels. Further, it is used as a solvent for spectroscopic studies at -1960C. It also acts as a solvent for Grignard reagent in organometallic reactions. In addition to this, it plays an important role as a motor fuel.
Cryosolvent. Has been proposed as a chlorine-free alternative solvent to dichloromethane in two-phase, including acylation and phase transfer alkylation, reactions. The water-saturated system (ca 39 mL/L) is more polar than the dry solvent, and it forms a useful azeotrope with water (ca 9 : 1), facilitating drying: Synlett, 2353 (2003).
Phanopoulos, A.; White, A. J. P.; Long, N. J.; Miller, P. W. Catalytic Transformation of Levulinic Acid to 2-Methyltetrahydrofuran Using Ruthenium-N-Triphos Complexes. ACS Catal. 2015, 5 (4), 2500-2512.
Patankar, S. C.; Yadav, G. D. Cascade Engineered Synthesis of gama-Valerolactone, 1,4-Pentanediol, and 2-Methyltetrahydrofuran from Levulinic Acid Using Pd-Cu/ZrO2 Catalyst in Water as Solvent. ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. 2015, 3 (11), 2619-2630.
Mentions de danger (UE): H225-H302-H315-H318-H335
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Mentions de prudence: P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P261-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P301+P312-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P312-P330-P332+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant