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7772-99-8 - Tin(II) chloride hydrate, Puratronic®, 99.995% (metals basis) - Stannous chloride hydrate - 10894 - Alfa Aesar

10894 Tin(II) chloride hydrate, Puratronic®, 99.995% (metals basis)

Codice CAS
7772-99-8
Sinonimi
Stannous chloride hydrate

Dimensioni Prezzo ($) Quantità Disponibilità
5g 39,04
25g 169,95
100g 478,40
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Tin(II) chloride hydrate, Puratronic®, 99.995% (metals basis)

MDL
MFCD00011241
EINECS
231-868-0

Proprietà chimiche

Formula
Cl2Sn•xH2O
Peso formula
189.62(anhy)
Modulo
Crystalline Powder
Punto di fusione
43-46°
Densità
2.71
Sensibilità
Air Sensitive
Solubilità
Soluble in ethanol, acetone, ether and tetrahydrofuran. Insoluble in xylene.

Applicazioni

Tin(II) chloride is widely used as a reducing agent in organic synthesis, for example conversion of quinones into hydroquinones, nitroaromatics into aromatic amines, and in Stephen reduction. It can be used to reduce certain metal salts into metals, tin plating, analytical testing of mercury ions, formation of silver mirrors and metal-metal bonds. It is also used for tin-plating, as a mordant in textile dyeing and as a catalyst in the production of polylactic acid. Further it is used as a food additive, wherein it serves as an anti-oxidant and a color retention agent. It can be used in the condensation of aryl aldehydes with cyclohexan-1,3-diones to synthesize xanthenes. It catalyzes direct conversion of aldehydes into beta-keto esters.

Note

Tin(II) chloride is very freely soluble in cold water. If the volume of water increases or at hot condition it hydrolyses to form an insoluble hydroxide derivative.

Letteratura

Karami, B.; Eskandari, K.; Zare, Z.; Gholipour, S. A New Access to 1,8-Dioxooctahydroxanthenes Using Yttrium(III) Nitrate Hexahydrate and Tin(II) Chloride Dihydrate as Effective and Reusable Catalysts. Chem. Heterocycl. Compd. 2014, 49 (12), 1715-1722.

Kamali, A. R. Thermokinetic characterisation of tin(II) chloride. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 2014, 118 (1), 99-104.

Chia, S. -P.; Li, Y.; Ganguly, R.; So, C. -W. Heteroleptic Germanium(II) and Tin(II) Chlorides Supported by Anionic Ligands Derived from 2,3-Dimethyl-1,4-diaza-1,3-butadiene. Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2014, 526-532.

Rischio GHS e dichiarazioni precauzionali

Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H314-H318-H302-H317

Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage. Harmful if swallowed. May cause an allergic skin reaction.

Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P262-P280-P305+P351+P338-P309-P310

Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or if you feel unwell: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

Altri riferimenti

Merck
14,8783
Classe di rischio
8
Gruppo di imballaggio
III
Codice tariffe armonizzato
2827.39
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
XP8850000

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