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Potassium hydroxide acts as the precursor for most of the soft and liquid soaps, and for numerous potassium-containing chemicals. It is widely used in the manufacture of detergents, fertilizer, rayon, paper, dyestuffs, various drugs, drug intermediates, fine chemicals, and petroleum products. In the field of organic chemistry, potassium hydroxide acts as a base, and is used in the synthesis of several organic compounds. Further it finds application as an electrolyte in alkaline batteries, which are based on nickel-cadmium, nickel-hydrogen and manganese dioxide-zinc.
Aili, D.; Jankova, K.; Li, Q.; Bjerrum, N. J.; Jensen, J. O. The stability of poly(2,2'-(m-phenylene)-5,5'-bibenzimidazole) membranes in aqueous potassium hydroxide. J. Membr. Sci. 2015, 492, 422-429.
Gilliama, R. J.; Graydonb, J. W.; Kirkb, D. W.; Thorpea, S. J. A Review of Specific Conductivities of Potassium hydroxide Solutions for Various Concentrations and Temperatures. Int. J. Hydrogen Energ. 2007, 32 (3), 359-364.
Baroutian, S.; Aroua, M. K.; Raman, A. A. A.; Sulaiman, N. M. N. Potassium Hydroxide Catalyst Supported on Palm Shell Activated Carbon for Transesterification of Palm Oil. Fuel Process. Technol. 2010, 91 (11), 1378-1385.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H290-H302-H314-H318
May be corrosive to metals. Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.